there are over 200,000 diagnosed
cases of lung cancer (lc) each year in the united states. while the incidence
rate has declined since 1991, the disease remains the leading cause of
cancer-related death. when the condition is detected in stage 1 (i.e. localized
within the lung), it can be treated successfully. by the time cancerous cells
have metastasized and spread to distant lymph nodes, it becomes more difficult
in the past, the disease was
treated through thoracotomy (also known as open chest surgery). the patient’s
thoracic cavity was accessed by the surgeon after a long incision was made into
the chest. the breastbone was cut and the ribs were spread to provide working
space. because the ribs have limited flexibility, the procedure occasionally
resulted in fractures. to resolve this issue, thoracic surgeons began to remove
portions of the patient’s ribcage.
today, minimally invasive
techniques are often used to treat lung cancer. once of these techniques is a
vats lobectomy. this article will provide an overview of the procedure and
describe what to expect during recovery.
How is The Operation Performed?
a lobectomy is the surgical
removal of a lobe (i.e. section of a lung). it is one of the most common
procedures done today to treat early-stage lc. with a vats lobectomy, four
incisions are made into the sides of the patient’s chest. three of the four
cuts are usually less than one inch in size. the fourth incision can reach
several inches. no need to cut the sternum or spread ribs. all procedures are
done through this small incision.
乐迷炫彩是什么the surgeon will insert a
thoracoscope and several other surgical instruments through an incision.
thoracoscope is equipped with a small light and camera. the camera sends the
image back to the monitor used by the surgeon to see … » Read more
among many categories of personal
health coverage sold today, you can encounter products that look and sound like
healthcare insurance, but they are not, in reality they do not provide medical
insurance protection at all. be cautious these products are not a replacement
for medical coverage.
let’s take a look at some of the
other products that do not provide substitution for health insurance coverage
Dread Disease policies.
乐迷炫彩是什么dread disease policies have a
tendency to have poor value and they only cover treatments for specific disease
like diabetes. they are so poor in value that some states have banned them all
together and they have cautioned consumers about these policies.
乐迷炫彩是什么accident-only coverage pays for
care you want on account of an accident that’s not due to sickness. since a
good thorough policy will cover costs associated with accidents as well as
sickness, accident only policies often aren’t a good value. supplemental
policies supplemental policies ( infrequently called hospice indemnity policies
) pay cash advantages for every day you are in the surgery. often nonetheless,
the money benefit will be far away from the price of hospital care. still,
these policies can be well liked because they are very inexpensive and can be
easy to purchase.
supplemental policies could be a
choice if you would like to cover extras that may come up when you get ill. but
they sometimes are not a good purchase and they should not be confused with
full coverage health insurance. the reason why people buy these kind of
coverage is because is very inexpensive
discount plans are not medical
care insurance, and they can not defend you from high doctor’s bills. some of
the people may mistake discount health plans for medical insurance due to
insurance-like features of these … » Read more